Older Posts


Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2001, March). Translating Research Into Practice (TRIP)-II: Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/factsheets/translating/tripfac/index.html

Alexander, J. M., Leveno, K. J., & Hauth, J. (2006). Fetal injury associated with cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol, 109 (2), 885-890.

Alfirevic, Z., Devane, D., & Gyte, G. (2008, Oct 8). Comparing continuous electronic monitoring of the baby’s heartbeat in labour using cardiotocography (CTG, sometimes known as EFM) with intermittent monitoring (intermittent auscultation, IA). Retrieved from Cochrane Summaries: http://summaries.cochrane.org/CD006066/comparing-continuous-electronic-monitoring-of-the-babys-heartbeat-in-labour-using-cardiotocography-ctg-sometimes-known-as-efm-with-intermittent-monitoring-intermittent-auscultation-ia

Allee, L. (2008, February). Midwives Corner. The INS Primary Care Provider, 33(2), 53-54. Retrieved from http://www.ihs.gov/provider/includes/themes/newihstheme/display_objects/documents/2000_2009/PROV0208.pdf

American Academy of Family Physicians. (2005, March). AAFP Policy on Trial of Labor After Cesarean (TOLAC). Retrieved from AAFP: http://www.aafp.org/online/en/home/clinical/clinicalrecs/tolac.html

American Academy of Family Physicians. (2005). Prenatal Diagnosis: Amniocentesis and CVS. Retrieved from AAFP: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1577.html

American Academy of Family Physicians. (2005, March). Trial of Labor After Cesarean (TOLAC): A Shared Patient-Physician Decision Tool. Retrieved from AAFP: http://www.aafp.org/online/en/home/clinical/patiented/counselingtools/tolac.html

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (1999). ACOG Practice Bulletin — Number 5: Vaginal birth after previous cesarean delivery. Washington DC.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2004). Vaginal Birth After Previous Cesarean Delivery. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 54. Obstet Gynecol, 104, 203-12.

American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists. (2000). ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 22: Fetal Macrosomia. Obstet Gynecol, 96(5). Retrieved from http://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0701/p169.html

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2004). ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 55: Management of postterm pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol, 104(3), 639-46. Retrieved from http://residents.fammed.org/Block%20Curriculum/G1/FMS%20B%20G1%20articles/ACOG_Management_of_Postterm.52.pdf

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2009, September 11). ACOG Releases 2009 Medical Liability Survey: Results Paint Dismal Reality for Ob-Gyns and Their Patients. Retrieved from http://www.acog.org/from_home/publications/press_releases/nr09-11-09.cfm

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2009, June 22). ACOG Refines Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring Guidelines. Retrieved from ACOG: http://www.acog.org/About-ACOG/News-Room/News-Releases/2009/ACOG-Refines-Fetal-Heart-Rate-Monitoring-Guidelines

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2009). Induction of Labor. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 107. Obstet Gynecol, 114, 386-97. Retrieved from http://amoripat.com/_assets/acog–practice_bulletin_107_2009.pdf

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2010). Practice Bulletin No. 115: Vaginal Birth After Previous Cesarean Delivery. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 116 (2), 450-463, http://m.acog.org/Resources_And_Publications/Practice_Bulletins/Committee_on_Practice_Bulletins_Obstetrics/Vaginal_Birth_After_Previous_Cesarean_Delivery

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2010, July 21). Ob-Gyns Issue Less Restrictive VBAC Guidelines. Retrieved July 21, 2010, from ACOG: http://www.acog.org/About-ACOG/News-Room/News-Releases/2010/Ob-Gyns-Issue-Less-Restrictive-VBAC-Guidelines

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2011). Coping with the stress of medical professional liability litigation. Obstet Gynecol, 118, 389-91. Retrieved from http://www.acog.org/Resources_And_Publications/Committee_Opinions/Committee_on_Professional_Liability/Coping_With_the_Stress_of_Medical_Professional_Liability_Litigation

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2011). Code of Professional Ethics. Retrieved May 16, 2013, from ACOG: http://www.acog.org/About_ACOG/~/media/Departments/National%20Officer%20Nominations%20Process/ACOGcode.pdf

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2012). 2012 ACOG Survey on Professional Liability Results.  Retrieved from ACOG: https://www.acog.org/~/media/Departments/Professional%20Liability/2012PLSurveyNational.pdf

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2012, July). Placenta accreta. Committee Opinion No. 529. Obstet Gynecol, 201-11. Retrieved from http://www.acog.org/Resources%20And%20Publications/Committee%20Opinions/Committee%20on%20Obstetric%20Practice/Placenta%20Accreta.aspx

American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists. (2013). ACOG Committee Opinion No. 579: Definition of term pregnancy. Retrieved from https://www.acog.org/Resources-And-Publications/Committee-Opinions/Committee-on-Obstetric-Practice/Definition-of-Term-Pregnancy

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2013). Elective surgery and patient choice. Committee Opinion No. 578. Obstet Gynecol, 122, 1134–8. Retrieved from http://www.acog.org/Resources_And_Publications/Committee_Opinions/Committee_on_Ethics/Elective_Surgery_and_Patient_Choice

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (n.d.). Reading the medical literature: Applying evidence to practice. Retrieved from American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: http://www.acog.org/Resources-And-Publications/Department-Publications/Reading-the-Medical-Literature

Ananth, C. V., Berkowitz, G. S., Savitz, D. A., & Lapinski, R. H. (1999). Placental abruption and adverse perinatal outcomes. JAMA, 282 (17), 1646-1651. Retrieved from http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=192057

Ananth, C. V., & Wilcox, A. J. (2001). Placental Abruption and Perinatal Mortality in the United States. American Journal of Epidemiology, 153 (4), 332-7. Retrieved from: http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/153/4/332.full

Arnold, J. (n.d.). Retrieved from Cesarean Rates: http://CesareanRates.com

Asakura, H., Nakai, A., Ishikawa, G., Suzuki, S., & Araki, T. (2000). Prediction of Uterine Dehiscence by Measuring Lower Uterine Segment Thickness Prior to the Onset of Labor. Evaluation by Transvaginal Ultrasonography. Journal of Nippon Medical School, 67 (5), 352-6. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11031364

Barger, M. K., Dunn, T. J., Bearman, S., DeLain, M., & Gates, E. (2013). A survey of access to trial of labor in California hospitals in 2012. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3636061/pdf/1471-2393-13-83.pdf

Barger, M. K., Nannini, A., Weiss, J., Declercq, E. R., Stubblefield, P., Werler, M., & Ringer, S. (2012, November). Severe maternal and perinatal outcomes from uterine rupture among women at term with a trial of labor. Journal of Perinatology, 32, 837-843. Retrieved from http://www.nature.com/jp/journal/v32/n11/full/jp20122a.html

Bateman, M. T., Mhyre, J. M., Callaghan, W. M., & Kuklina, E. V. (2012). Peripartum hysterectomy in the United States: nationwide 14 year experience. American Journal of Obstet Gynecol, 206(63), e1-8. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21982025

Bayles, B., & Usatine, R. (2009, Dec 15). Evening Primrose Oil. American Family Physician, 80(12), 1405-1408. Retrieved from http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1405.html

Bergeron, M.-E., Jastrow, N., Brassard, N., Girard, M., & Bujold, E. (2009). Sonography of Lower Uterine Segment Thickness and Prediction of Uterine Rupture. Obstet Gynecol, 113 (6), 1371-2. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19155942

Bernstein, P. S. (2005, September 19). Complications of Cesarean Deliveries. Retrieved from MedscapeCME: http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/512946

Bernstein, S., Matalon-Grazi, S., & Rosenn, B. (2012). Trial of labor after previous cesarean section versus repeat cesarean section: are patients making an informed decision? Supplement to JANUARY 2012 American Journal of Obstet Gynecol, S21. Retrieved from http://www.smfmnewsroom.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Abstracts-27-35.pdf

Birnbach, D. J. (2010). Impact of anesthesiologists on the incidence of vaginal birth after cesarean in the United States: Role of anesthesia availability, productivity, guidelines, and patient safety. Vaginal birth after cesarean: New Insights. Programs and Abstracts (pp. 85-87). Bethesda: National Institutes of Health.  Retrieved from NIH Vaginal Birth After Cesarean (VBAC) Conference: Programs & Abstracts: http://consensus.nih.gov/2010/vbacabstracts.htm#birnbach

Birnbach, D. J. (2010, Mar). Impact of Anesthesiologists on the Incidence of Vaginal Birth After Cesarean in the United States: Role of Anesthesia Availability, Productivity, Guidelines, and Patient Safety (video). Retrieved from Jessica, BirthAction Webmistress’s Videos on Vimeo: http://vimeo.com/10808838

Boukerrou, M., Lambaudie, E., Collinet, P., Crepin, G., & Cosson, M. (2003). A history of cesareans is a risk factor in vaginal hysterectomies. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 82(12), 1135-1139. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14616260

Block, J. (2008). Pushed: The Painful Truth About Childbirth and Modern Maternity Care. De Capo Press.

Bodelon, C., Bernade-Ortiz, A., Schiff, M., & Reed, S. D. (2009). Factors Associated With Peripartum Hysterectomy. Obstet Gynecol, 114 (1), 115-123. Retrieved from: http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2009/07000/Factors_Associated_With_Peripartum_Hysterectomy.19.aspx

Boyle, A., Reddy, U. M., & Landy, H. J. (2013). Primary cesarean delivery in the United States. Obstet Gynecol, 122(1), 33-40. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23743454

Boyles, S. (2006, Apr 18). Pregnancy spacing affects outcome: Very short and long intervals increase risk. Retrieved from WebMD: http://www.webmd.com/baby/news/20060418/pregnancy-spacing-affects-outcome

Buckley, S. (2008). Gentle Birth, Gentle Mothering: A Doctor’s Guide to Natural Childbirth and Gentle Early Parenting Choices. Berkeley: Celestial Arts.

Buckley, S. J. (2005). Epidurals: risks and concerns for mother and baby. Retrieved from Sarah J Buckley MD: http://www.sarahbuckley.com/epidurals-risks-and-concerns-for-mother-and-baby/

Buckley, S. (2005, July). Pain in Labour: Your hormones are your helpers. Retrieved from: http://www.sarahjbuckley.com/articles/labour-hormones.htm

Bujold, E., Mehta, S., Bujold, C., & Gautheir, R. J. (2002). Interdelivery interval and uterine rupture. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 187(5), 1199-1202. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12439503

Bujold, E. (2012, August). The Optimal Uterine Closure Technique During Cesarean.  N Am J Med Sci, 4(8), 362-363. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3421916/

Buonaugurio, S., & Chasse, B. (Directors). (2008). Pregnant in America [Motion Picture].

CAESAR study collaborative group. (2011). Caesarean section surgical techniques: a randomised factorial trial (CAESAR). BJOG, 117(11), 1366-76. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02686.x/pdf

Cahill, A. G., Stamilio, D. M., Obido, A. O., Peipert, J. F., Peipert, J. F., Ratcliffe, S. J., et al. (2006). Is vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) or elective repeat cesarean safer in women with a prior vaginal delivery? Am J Obstet Gynecol, 195, 1143-7. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16846571

Callen, P. W. (n.d.). Placenta Accreta. Retrieved from OB-GYN Ultrasound On-Line: http://www.fetalsono.com/teachfiles/PlacAcc.lasso

Cantor, J. D. (2012, Jun 14). Court-Ordered Care — A Complication of Pregnancy to Avoid. N Engl J Med, 366, 2237-2240. Retrieved from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1203742?

Carroli, G., & Mignini, L. (2012, Feb 15). Episiotomy for vaginal birth. Retrieved from Cochrane Summaries: http://summaries.cochrane.org/CD000081/episiotomy-for-vaginal-birth

Cassidy, T. (2007). Birth: The Surprising History of How We Are Born. Grove Press.

Caughey, A. B., Hopkins, L. M., & Norton, M. E. (2006). Chorionic villus sampling compared with amniocentesis and the difference in the rate of pregnancy loss. Obstet Gynecol, 108, 612-16. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16946222

Caughey, A. B., Shipp, T. D., Repke, J. T., Zelop, C. M., Cohen, A., & Lieberman, E. (1999). Rate of uterine rupture during a trial of labor in women with one or two prior cesarean deliveries. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 181 (4), 872-6.  Retrieved from http://pt.wkhealth.com/pt/re/ajog/abstract.00000447-199910000-00019.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2003). QuickStats: Total and Primary Cesarean Rate and Vaginal Birth After Previous Cesarean (VBAC) Rate — United States, 1989–2003. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5402a5.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009, June 15). Estimates of Healthcare-Associated Infections. Retrieved March 12, 2010, from CDC: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/hai.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009, December 31). Leading Causes of Death. Retrieved August 16, 2009, from CDC: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/FASTATS/lcod.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010, Dec 13). Healthcare-associated Infections (HAIs): The Burden. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/HAI/burden.html

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Reproductive Health. (2012, Apr 4). Unintended Pregnancy Prevention. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/UnintendedPregnancy/index.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, Apr 19). Healthcare-associated Infections (HAI). Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/hai/

Chauhan, S. P., Martin, J. N., Henrichs, C. E., Morrison, J. C., & Magann, E. F. (2003). Maternal and perinatal complications with uterine rupture in 142,075 patients who attempted vaginal birth after cesarean delivery: A review of the literature. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 189 (2), 408-17. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14520209

Cheung, V. Y. (2005). Sonographic measurement of the lower uterine segment thickness in women with previous cesarean section. J Obstet Gynaecol Can, 27 (7), 674-681. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16100622

Cheung, V. Y., Constantinescu, O. C., & Ahluwalia, B. S. (2004). Sonographic evaluation of the lower uterine segment in patients with previous cesarean delivery. J Ultrasound Med, 23, 1441-7. Retrieved from http://www.jultrasoundmed.org/content/23/11/1441.full.pdf

Childbirth Connection. (2012, July 13). Cesarean section: Rates for total cesarean section, primary cesarean section, and vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC), United States, 1989 – 2010. Retrieved from Childbirth Connection: http://www.childbirthconnection.org/article.asp?ck=10554

Childbirth Connection. (2012, May 17). Why is the national US cesarean rate so high? Retrieved from Childbirth Connection: http://www.childbirthconnection.org/article.asp?ck=10456

Clark SL, Belfort MA, Dildy GA, Meyers JA. Reducing Obstetric Litigation through Alteration in Practice Patterns. Obstet Gynecol 2008;112:1279–83. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19037036

Coalition for Improving Maternity Services. (2009). Breastfeeding is Priceless: There is no substitute for human milk. Retrieved from Coalition for Improving Maternity Services: http://www.motherfriendly.org/pdf/BreastfeedingisPricelessMarch2009.pdf

Coassolo, K. M., Stamilio, D. M., Pare, E., Peipert, J. F., Stevens, E., Nelson, D., et al. (2005). Safety and Efficacy of Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Attempts at or Beyond 40 Weeks Gestation. Obstet Gynecol, 106, 700-6.  Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2005/10000/Trial_of_Labor_After_40_Weeks__Gestation_in_Women.7.aspx

Conry, J. A. (2013, Aug 29). The Easy Way to Keep Up with Advances in Practice. Retrieved from ACOG President: http://acogpresident.org/2013/08/29/the-easy-way-to-keep-up-with-advances-in-practice/

Copeland, L. (2007, January 5). What You Should Know: Risks of Labor Induction. Retrieved October 17, 2009, from Associated Content: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/109908/what_you_should_know_risks_of_labor.html?cat=52

Cornthwaite, K., Edwards, S., & Siassakos, D. (2013). Reducing risk in maternity by optimising teamwork and leadership: an evidence-based approach to save mothers and babies. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol, 27, 571-581. Retrieved from http://www.bestpracticeobgyn.com/article/S1521-6934(13)00051-5/abstract

Daltveit, A. K., Tollanes, M. C., Pihlstrom, H., & Irgens, L. M. (2008). Cesarean Delivery in Subsequent Pregnancies. Obstet Gynecol, 111, 1327-34. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18515516

Declercq, E. R. (2009, September). Birth by the numbers. Retrieved from Orgasmic Birth: http://www.orgasmicbirth.com/birth-by-the-numbers

Declercq, E. R., & Sakala, C. (2006). Listening to Mothers II: Reports of the Second National U.S. Survey of Women’s Childbearing Experiences. Retrieved from Childbirth Connection: http://www.childbirthconnection.org/pdfs/LTMII_report.pdf

Declercq, E. R., Barger, M., Cabral, H., Evans, S. R., Kotelchuck, M., Simon, C., et al. (2007). Maternal outcomes associated with planned primary cesarean births compared with planned vaginal births. Obstet Gynecol, 109, 669-77. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2007/03000/Maternal_Outcomes_Associated_With_Planned_Primary.14.aspx

Declercq, E. R., Cunningham, D., Johnson, C., & Sakala, C. (2008). Mothers’ reports of postpartum pain associated with vaginal and cesarean deliveries: results of a national survey. Birth, 35 (1), 16-24. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18307483

Declercq, E. R., Sakala, C., Corry, M. P., Applebaum, S., & Herrlick, A. (2013). Listening to Mothers III: Pregnancy and Birth. New York: Childbirth Connection. Retrieved from http://www.childbirthconnection.org/article.asp?ck=10450

DiMatteo, M. R., Morton, S. C., & Lepper, H. S. (1996). Cesarean childbirth and psychological outcomes: a meta-analysis. Journal of Health Psychology, 15, 303-314. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8818678

Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2012, Apr 4). Unintended Pregnancy Prevention. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/UnintendedPregnancy/index.htm

Dove, D., & Johnson, P. (1999, May-Jun). Oral evening primrose oil: its effect on length of pregnancy and selected intrapartum outcomes in low-risk nulliparous women. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 44(3), 320-4. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10380450

Elkousy, M., Sammel, M., Stevens, E., Peipert, J., & Macones, G. (2003). The Effect of Birth Weight on Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Delivery Success Rates. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 188(3), 824-830. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12634665

Elliott, V. S. (2012, July 5). Insurers not paying when patients leave hospital against medical advice is a myth. Retrieved from amednews.com: http://www.amednews.com/article/20120705/business/307059997/8/

EndoGyn. (2010, Apr 4). What are the different types of adhesions? Retrieved from EndoGyn: http://endogyn.com/adhesions/what-are-the-different-types-of-adhesions/

Epstein, A. (Director). (2007). The Business of Being Born [Motion Picture].

Eshkoli, T., Weintraub, A., Sergienko, R., & Sheiner, E. (2013). Placenta accreta: risk factors, perinatal outcomes, and consequences for subsequent births. American Journal of Obstet Gynecol, 208, 219.e1-7. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23313722

Fang, Y. M., & Zelop, C. M. (2006). Vaginal birth after cesarean: Assessing maternal and perinatal risks – contemporary management. Clin Obstet Gynecol., 49, 147-153. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/clinicalobgyn/Citation/2006/03000/Vaginal_Birth_After_Cesarean__Assessing_Maternal.18.aspx

Field, J. (1992). Psychological adjustment of relinquishing mothers before and after reunion with their children. Aust N Z J Psychiatry, 26 (2), 232-41. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/00048679209072032?journalCode=ianp20

Fisher, J., Astbury, J., & Smith, A. (1997). Adverse psychological impact of operative obstetric interventions: a prospective longitudinal study. Aust N Z J Psychiatry, 31, 728-38. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9400879

Fitzpatrick, K. E., Kurinczuk, J. J., Alfirevic, Z., Spark, P., Brocklehurst, P., & Knight, M. (2012). Uterine Rupture by Intended Mode of Delivery in the UK: A National Case-Control Study. PLoS Medicine, 9(3). Retrieved from http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001184

Florida Museum of National History Ichthyology Department. (n.d.). A Comparison of Unprovoked Shark Attacks with the Number of Lightning Fatalities in Coastal United States: 1959-2008. Retrieved August 16, 2009, from Florida Museum of National History Ichthyology Department: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/sharks/attacks/2004lightning.html

Florida Museum of Natural History. (n.d.). Shark Attack Questions. Retrieved August 16, 2009, from Florida Museum of Natural History: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/education/questions/attack.html

Fogelson, N. (2010, May 29). A look at the data on hysterotomy closure – how many layers? Retrieved from Academic OB/GYN: http://academicobgyn.com/2010/05/29/a-look-at-the-data-on-hysterotomy-closure-how-many-layers/

Freeze, R. (2009, August 31). Interview with Dr. Stuart J. Fischbein. Retrieved from Stand and Deliver: http://rixarixa.blogspot.com/2009/08/interview-with-dr-stuart-j-fischbein.html

Friedman, A. M., Ananth, C. V., Prendergast, E., Alton, M. E., & Wright, J. D. (2015). Variation in and factors associated with use of episiotomy. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 313(2), 197-199. Retrieved from http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=2089343

Gahn, D. (2007). Vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) in rural hospitals. MCH – OB/GYN Chief Clinical Coordinator’s Corner, 5 (11).

Gates, A. (2009, October 29). Birth plan? Doula? Natural birth? Not here you don’t. Retrieved October 29, 2009, from Blog Her: http://www.blogher.com/birth-plan-doula-natural-birth-not-here-you-dont

Glance, L. G., Dick, A. W., Glantz, J. C., Wissler, R. N., Qian, F., Marroquin, B. M., . . . Kellerman, A. L. (2014). Rates Of major obstetrical complications vary almost fivefold among US hospitals. Health Affairs, 33(8), 1330-1336. Retrieved from http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/33/8/1330.abstract?related-urls=yes&legid=healthaff;33/8/1330

Goer, H. (2009, October 30). Does It? Really? “WHO Admits: There Is No Evidence for Recommending a 10-15% Caesarean Limit”. Retrieved from Science & Sensibility: http://www.scienceandsensibility.org/?p=483

Grönlund, M. M., Lehtonen, O. P., & Eerola, E. (1999). Fecal microflora in healthy infants born by different methods of delivery: permanent changes in intestinal flora after cesarean delivery. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, 28(1), 19-25. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9890463

Gotoh, H., Masuzaki, H., Yoshida, A., Yoshimura, S., Miyamura, T., & Ishimaru, T. (2000). Predicting incomplete uterine rupture with vaginal sonography during the late second trimester in women with a prior cesarean. Obstet Gynecol, 95 (4), 596-600. Retrieved http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10725496

Guise, J.-M., Eden, K., Emeis, C., Denman, M., Marshall, N., Fu, R., . . . McDonagh, M. (2010). Vaginal Birth After Cesarean: New Insights. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK44571/

Hamar, B. D., Saber, S. B., Cackovic, M., Magloire, L., Pettker, C. M., Abdel-Razeq, S., et al. (2007). Ultrasound Evaluation of the Uterine Scar After Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Controlled Trial of One- and Two-Layer Closure. Obstet Gynecol, 110 (4), 808-13. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17906013

Hamdan, M., Sidhu, K., Sabir, N., Omar, S. Z., & Tan, P. C. (2009). Serial Membrane Sweeping at Term in Planned Vaginal Birth After Cesarean: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Obstet Gynecol, 114 (4), 745-751. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/2009/10000/Serial_Membrane_Sweeping_at_Term_in_Planned.7.aspx

Hamilton, B. E., Martin, J. A., & Ventura, S. J. (2009, March 18). Births: Preliminary Data for 2007. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr57/nvsr57_12.pdf

Hankins, G. D., Erickson, K., Zinberg, S., & Schulkin, J. (2003). Neonatal Encephalopathy and Cerebral Palsy: A Knowledge Survey of Fellows of The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol, 101(1), 11-17. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12517639

Hawkins, J. L., Koonin, L. M., & Palmer, S. K. (1997). Anesthesia-related deaths during obstetric delivery in the United States. Anesthesiology, 86, 277-284. Retrieved from http://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=2027581

Heller, D. S. (2013). Placenta accreta and percreta. Surgical Pathology, 6, 181-197. http://www.surgpath.theclinics.com/article/S1875-9181(12)00183-3/abstract

Huang, W. H., Nakashima, D. K., Rumney, P. J., Keegan, K. A., & Chan, K. (2002). Interdelivery Interval and the Success of Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Delivery. Obstet Gynecol, 99, 41-44.  Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2002/01000/Interdelivery_Interval_and_the_Success_of_Vaginal.9.aspx

Humphries, G. (2004, June 14). The Suture Debate. Retrieved October 1, 2009, from International Cesarean Awareness Network: http://www.ican-online.org/vbac/the-suture-debate

International Cesarean Awareness Network. (n.d.). VBAC Policies in US Hospitals. Retrieved from http://www.ican-online.org/vbac-ban-info

Jain, L., & Eaton, D. C. (2006). Physiology of fetal lung fluid clearance and the effect of labor. Semin Perinatol, 30 (1), 34-43. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16549212

Jastrow, N., Roberge, S., Gauthier, R. J., Laroche, L., Duperron, L., Brassard, N., & Bujold, E. (2010). Effect of birth weight on adverse obstetric outcomes in vaginal birth after cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol, 115(2 Pt 1), 338-43. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20093908

Johnson, K. C., & Daviss, B.-A. (2005). Outcomes of planned home births with certified professional midwives: large prospective study in North America. BMJ, 330, 1416. Retrieved from http://www.bmj.com/content/330/7505/1416

Johnstone, S. J., Boyce, P. M., Hickey, A. R., Morris-Yatees, A. D., & Harris, M. G. (2001). Obstetric risk factors for postnatal depression in urban and rural community samples. Aust N Z J Psychiatry, 35, 68-74. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11270460

Jukelevics, N. (n.d.). What about uterine scar ruptures? Retrieved from OBGYN.NET: http://www.obgyn.net/displayarticle.asp?page=/pb/articles/uterine_scar_rup

Kamel, J. (2014, Dec 14). Online poll of 227 women with prior cesareans.

Kent, V. P. (n.d.). Treating a Patient with an Intestinal Obstruction. Perspectives, 8(1), pp. 1, 7 – 11. Retrieved from http://www.perspectivesinnursing.org/pdfs/Perspectives29.pdf

Kieser, K. E., & Baskett, T. F. (2002, October). A 10-Year Population-Based Study of Uterine. Obstet Gynecol, 100(4), pp. 749-753. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2002/10000/Delivery_After_Previous_Cesarean__A_Risk.22.aspx

Kilroy, D. S. (2013, Jun 22). A big push for a different birthing experience. Retrieved from Los Angeles Times: http://articles.latimes.com/2013/jun/22/health/la-he-birth-20130622

Klevens, R. M., Edwards, J. R., Richards, C. L., Horan, T. C., Gaynes, R. P., Pollock, D. A., & Cardo, D. M. (2007, Mar-Apr). Estimating Health Care-Associated Infections and Deaths in U.S. Hospitals, 2002. Public Health Reports, 122, 160-166. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/HAI/pdfs/hai/infections_deaths.pdf

Kmom. (2009, March 9). History of VBACs and Cesareans in the USA. Retrieved from Well Rounded Mama: http://wellroundedmama.blogspot.com/2009/03/history-of-vbacs-and-cesareans-in-usa.html

Kmom. (n.d.). VBA2C Studies and Rupture Rates. Retrieved May 25, 2009, from Plus Size Pregnancy: http://www.plus-size-pregnancy.org/CSANDVBAC/vbac_after_2_cs.htm#VBA2C%20Studies%20and%20Rupture%20Rates

Komorowski, J. (2010, Oct 11). A Woman’s Guide to VBAC: Putting Uterine Rupture into Perspective. Retrieved from Giving Birth with Confidence: http://www.givingbirthwithconfidence.org/p/bl/ar/blogaid=181

Lagrew, D. C., Bush, M. C., McKeown, A. M., & Lagrew, N. G. (2006). Emergent (crash) cesarean delivery: indications and outcomes. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 194 (6), 1638-1643. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16731082

Lamaze International. (n.d.). Parents Pushing for Better. Retrieved from Lamaze International for Parents: http://www.lamaze.org/PushForYourBaby

Landon, M. B., Hauth, J. C., & Leveno, K. J. (2004). Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes Associated with a Trial of Labor after Prior Cesarean Delivery. N Engl J Med, 351, 2581-2589.  Retrieved from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa040405

Landon, M. B., Leindecker, S., Spong, C., Hauth, J., Bloom, S., Varner, M., et al. (2005). The MFMU Cesarean Registry: Factors affecting the success of trial of labor after previous cesarean delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 193, 1016-1023.  Retrieved from http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378%2805%2900763-5/abstract

Landon, M. B., Spong, C. Y., & Tom, E. (2006). Risk of Uterine Rupture With a Trial of Labor in Women with Multiple and Single Prior Cesarean Delivery. Obstet Gynecol, 108, 12-20.  Retrieved from http://www.scfmresidency.com/SCFM_Curriculum/Journal_Club/10-19-06_Journal_Club/Uterine_Rupture_Article.pdf

Landon, M. B. (2008). Vaginal birth after cesarean delivery. Clin Perinatol, 35, ix-x, 491-504. Retrieved from http://www.perinatology.theclinics.com/article/S0095-5108(08)00047-X/fulltext

Leeman, L., & Espey, E. (2008, Feb). Concern for rising Cesarean rates in Native American populations. Retrieved from http://www.ihs.gov/medicalprograms/mch/m/ob.cfm?module=2_08aom

Leth, R. A., Møller, J. K., Thomsen, R. W., Uldbjerg, N., & Nørgaard, M. (2009). Risk of selected postpartum infections after cesarean section compared with vaginal birth: A five-year cohort study of 32,468 women. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand, 1-8. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19642043

Leung, A. S., Farmer, R. M., Leung, E. K., Medearis, A. I., & Paul, R. H. (1993). Risk factors associated with uterine rupture during trial of labor after cesarean delivery: A case-controlled study. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 168, 1358-63. Retrieved from http:/www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8498412

Leung, T. Y., Chung, P. W., Rogers, M. S., Sahota, D. S., Lao, T. T., & Chung, T. K. (2009). Urgent cesarean delivery for fetal bradycardia. Obstet Gynecol, 114 (5), 1023-1028. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20168102

Lieberman, E., Ernst, E. K., Rooks, J. P., Stapleton, S., & Flamm, B. (2004). Results of the national study of vaginal birth after cesarean in birth centers. Obstet Gynecol, 104(5 Pt 1), 933-42. Retrieved from http://www.azdhs.gov/als/midwife/documents/committee/additional-resources/national-study-after-cesarean.pdf

Lothian, J. (2004). Do not disturb: The importance of privacy in labor. J Perinat Educ, 13 (3), 4-6. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1595201/

Lothian, J., Amis, D., Crenshaw, J., & Goer, H. (2004, Spring). #4: No Routine Interventions. J Perinat Educ, 13(2), 23-29. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1595194/

MacDorman, M. F., & Mathews, T. J. (2009, November). Behind international rankings of infant mortality: How the United States Compares with Europe. Retrieved March 12, 2010, from Center for Disease Control: http://cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db23.htm

MacDorman, M. F., Declercq, E., Menacher, F., & Malloy, M. H. (2006). Infant and neonatal mortality for primary cesarean and vaginal births to women with “no indicated risk,” United States, 1998-2001 birth cohorts. Birth, 33, 175-82. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16948717

Macones, G. A., Cahill, A., Pare, E., Stamilio, D. M., Ratcliffe, S., Stevens, E., et al. (2005). Obstetric outcomes in women with two prior cesarean deliveries: Is vaginal birth after cesarean delivery a viable option? Am J Obstet Gynecol, 192, 1223-9. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15846208

Main, E. (2013). HQI Regional Quality Leader Network December Meeting. San Diego.

Mankuta, D. D., Leshno, M. M., Menasche, M. M., & Brezis, M. M. (2003). Vaginal birth after cesarean section: trial of labor or repeat cesarean? A decision analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 189, 714-9. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14526300

March of Dimes. (2008, August). Amniocentesis Quick Reference Fact Sheet. Retrieved from http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/14332_1164.asp

Martens, K. (2007, September/October). A woman in a traditional US hospital setting [Illustration]. Mothering Magazine (144).

Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Sutton, P. D., Ventura, S. J., Menacker, F., & Kirmeyer, S. (2006). Births: Final Data for 2004. National Vital Statistics Reports, 55 (1), 1-102. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr55/nvsr55_01.pdf

Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Sutton, P. D., Ventura, S. J., Menacker, F., & Kirmeyer, S. (2009, January 7). Births: Final Data for 2006. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr57/nvsr57_07.pdf

Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Osterman, M. J., Curtin, S. C., & Matthews, T. (2015). Birth: Final Data for 2013. National vital statistics reports. National Vital Statistics Reports, 64(1). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_01.pdf

Maung, A. A., Johnson, D. C., Piper, G. L., & et al. (2012, Nov). Evaluation and management of small-bowel obstruction: an Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma practice management guideline. J Trauma Acute Care Surg, 73(5 Suppl 4), S362-9. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23114494

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2010, February 20). Spinal headaches. Retrieved August 26, 2010, from MayoClinic.com: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/spinal-headaches/DS00643

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2011, Jul 23). Inducing labor: When to wait, when to induce. Retrieved from Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/inducing-labor/PR00117

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2011, Jul 22). Labor and delivery: Pain medications. Retrieved from Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/labor-and-delivery/PR00105

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2011, Apr 9). Stages of labor: Baby, it’s time! Retrieved from Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/stages-of-labor/PR00106

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2014, Apr 15). Family planning: Get the facts about pregnancy spacing. Retrieved from Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/getting-pregnant/in-depth/family-planning/art-20044072?reDate=15012015

Medline Plus. (2012, Apr 10). Evening primrose oil. Retrieved from Medline Plus: A service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine & National Institutes of Health: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/1006.html

Menacker, F., & Hamilton, B. E. (2010, March). Recent Trends in Cesarean Delivery in the United States. Retrieved from Center for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db35.htm

Mercer, B. M., Gilbert, S., Landon, M. B., & Spong, C. Y. (2008). Labor Outcomes With Increasing Number of Prior Vaginal Births After Cesarean Delivery. Obstet Gynecol, 11, 285-91. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2008/02000/Labor_Outcomes_With_Increasing_Number_of_Prior.6.aspx

Michaels, W. H., Thompson, H. O., Boutt, A., Schreiber, F. R., Michaels, S. L., & Karo, J. (1988). Ultrasound diagnosis of defects in the scarred lower uterine segment during pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol, 71 (1), 112-120. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/1988/01000/Ultrasound_Diagnosis_of_Defects_in_the_Scarred.23.aspx

Miller, D. A., Diaz, F. G., & Paul, R. H. (1994). Vaginal Birth After Cesarean: A 10-Year Experience. Obstet Gynecol, 84, 255-8. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8041542

Minkoff, H. (2010, Mar). The Immediately Available Physician Standard. Retrieved from NIH Vaginal Birth After Cesarean (VBAC) Conference: Programs & Abstracts: http://consensus.nih.gov/2010/vbacabstracts.htm#minkoff

Minkoff, H. (2010, Mar). The Immediately Available Physician Standard (video). Retrieved from Jessica, BirthAction Webmistress’s Videos on Vimeo: http://vimeo.com/10809456

Minkoff, H. (2010). National Institutes of Health VBAC Conference, Day 2, #04: Public Comments. 11:16. Retrieved from Vimeo: http://vimeo.com/10898005

Montanari, L., Alfei, A., Drovanti, A., Lepadatu, C., Lorenzi, D., Facchini, D., et al. (1999). [Transvaginal ultrasonic evaluation of the thickness of the section of the uterine wall in previous cesarean sections]. [Article in Italian]. Minerva Ginecologica, 51 (4), 107-12. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10379144

Nahum, G. G. (2012, July 31). Uterine Rupture in Pregnancy . Retrieved from Medscape Reference: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/275854-overview#aw2aab6b6

National Center for Health Statistics. (2015). User Guide to the 2013 Natality Public Use File. Hyattsville: National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved from ftp://ftp.cdc.gov/pub/Health_Statistics/NCHS/Dataset_Documentation/DVS/natality/UserGuide2013.pdf

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. (2013, Sept). Abdominal Adhesions. Retrieved from National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC): http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/abdominal-adhesions/Pages/facts.aspx

National Institutes of Health. (2010, June). Final Statement. Retrieved from NIH Consensus Development Conference on Vaginal Birth After Cesarean: New Insights: http://consensus.nih.gov/2010/vbacstatement.htm

National Institutes of Health. (2010, March 8-10). NIH VBAC Conference: Program & Abstracts. Retrieved from NIH Consensus Development Program: http://consensus.nih.gov/2010/vbacabstracts.htm

National Weather Service. (n.d.). NWS Lightning Safety Medical Information. Retrieved August 16, 2009, from National Weather Service: http://www.lightningsafety.noaa.gov/medical.htm

Nobie, B. A. (2011, Oct 5). Small-Bowel Obstruction. Retrieved from Medscape: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/774140-overview#aw2aab6b2b4

Neu, J., & Rushing, J. (2011, Jun). Cesarean versus Vaginal Delivery: Long term infant outcomes and the Hygiene Hypothesis. Clin Perinatol, 38(2), 321-331. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3110651/

Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development, California. (2009, September 15). AHRQ – Inpatient Quality Indicators (IQIs): Hospital Volume and Utilization Indicators for California. Retrieved from http://www.oshpd.ca.gov/HID/Products/PatDischargeData/ResearchReports/HospIPQualInd/Vol-Util_IndicatorsRpt/index.html

Osterman, M. J., Martin, J. A., Mathews, T. J., & Hamilton, B. E. (2011, July 27). Expanded Data From the New Birth Certificate, 2008. Retrieved from CDC: National Vital Statistics Reports: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr59/nvsr59_07.pdf

Oyelese, Y., & Ananth, C. V. (2006). Placental abruption. Obstet Gynecol, 108 (4), 1005-1016. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17012465

Palacios-Jaraquemada, J. M. (2008). Diagnosis and management of placenta. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol, 22 (6), 1133-48. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18815074

Paling, J. (n.d.). The Paling Perspective Scale. Retrieved August 21, 2010, from JohnPaling.com: http://www.johnpaling.com/perspective.html

Paltrow, L. M., & Flavin, J. (2013, April). Arrests of and forced interventions on pregnant women in the United States, 1973-2005: Implications for women’s legal status and public health. J Health Polit Policy Law, 38(2), 299-343. Retrieved from http://jhppl.dukejournals.org/content/early/2013/01/15/03616878-1966324.full.pdf+html

Pascali-Bonaro, D. (Director). (2008). Orgasmic Birth [Motion Picture].

Paul, P. (2009, February 19). The Trouble With Repeat Cesareans. Retrieved February 19, 2009, from Time http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1880665-1,00.html

Penders, J., Thijs, C., Vink, C., Stemla, F. F., Snijders, B., Kummeling, I., et al. (2006). Factors influencing the composition of the intestinal microbiota in early infancy. Pediatrics, 118, 511-521.  Retrieved from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/118/2/511

Plaut, M. M., Schwartz, M. L., & Lubarsky, S. L. (1999). Uterine rupture associated with the use of misoprostol in the gravid patient with a previous cesarean section. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 180, 1535-42.

Pleasant, A. (2008, December 15). Communicating statistics and risk. Retrieved August 16, 2009, from SciDev.Net: http://www.scidev.net/en/science-communication/practical-guides/communicating-statistics-and-risk.html

Prior, E., Santhakumaran, S., Gale, C., Phillips, L. H., Modi, N., & Hyde, M. J. (2012, May). Breastfeeding after cesarean delivery: a systematic review and meta-analysis of world literature. Am J Clin Nutr, 95(5), 1113-35. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22456657

Qureshi, B., Inafuku, K., Oshima, K., Masamoto, H., & Kanazawa, K. (1997). Ultrasonographic evaluation of lower uterine segment to predict the integrity and quality of cesarean scar during pregnancy: a prospective study. Tohoku J Exp Med, 183 (1), 55-65. Retrieved from http://www.journal.med.tohoku.ac.jp/1831/TJ1831_05.pdf

Rageth, J. C., Juzi, C., & Grossenbacher, H. (1999). Delivery After Previous Cesarean: A Risk Evaluation. Obstet Gynecol, 93, 332-7. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/1999/03000/Delivery_After_Previous_Cesarean__A_Risk.3.aspx

Reddy, S. (2014, Dec 8). A type of childbirth some women will fight for. Retrieved from Wall Street Journal: http://www.wsj.com/articles/a-type-of-childbirth-some-women-will-fight-for-1418081344

Resnik, R. (1999, March/April). Diagnosis and management of placenta accreta. ACOG Clinical Review, 8-9. Retrieved by http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1085686200869551

Ridgeway, J. J., Weyrich, D. L., & Benedetti, T. J. (2004). Fetal heart rate changes associated with uterine rupture. Obstet Gynecol, 103, 506-12. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/fulltext/2004/03000/fetal_heart_rate_changes_associated_with_uterine.17.aspx

Roberqe, S., Chaillet, N., Boutin, A., Moore, L., Jastrow, N., Brassard, N., . . . Bujold, E. (2011). Single- versus double-layer closure of the hysterotomy incision during cesarean delivery and risk of uterine rupture. Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 115(1), 5-10. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21794864

Rooks, J. P., Weatherby, N. L., Ernst, E. K., Stapleton, S., Rosen, D., & Rosenfield, A. (1989). Outcomes of Care in Birth Centers. N Engl J Med, 321, 1804-1811.  Retrieved August 23, 2010, from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM198912283212606

Rozen, G., Ugoni, A., & Sheehan, P. (2011). A new perspective on VBAC: A retrospective cohort study. Women Birth, 24, 3-9. Retrieved Dec 5, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20447886

Rozenberg, P., Goffinet, F., Phillipe, H. J., & Nisand, I. (1999). Thickness of the lower uterine segment: its influence in the management of patients with previous cesarean sections. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol, 87, 39-45. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10579615

Rozenberg, P., Goffinet, F., Phillppe, H. J., & Nisand, I. (1996). Ultrasonographic measurement of lower uterine segement to assess risk of defects of scarred uterus. Lancet, 347, 281-284. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8569360

Salminen, S., Gibson, G. R., & McCartney, A. L. (2004). Influence of mode of delivery on gut microbiota composition in seven year old children. Gut, 53(9), 1388-9. Retrieved from http://gut.bmj.com/content/53/9/1388.2.full.pdf+html

Schaefer, G. R., Matus, H., Schumann, J. H., Sauter, K., Vekhter, B., Meltzer, D. O., & Arora, V. M. (2012). Financial responsibility of hospitalized patients who left against medical advice: medical urban legend? J Gen Intern Med, 27(7), 825-30. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22331399/

Sen, S., Malik, S., & Salhan, S. (2004). Ultrasonographic evaluation of lower uterine segment thickness in patients of previous cesarean section. Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 87 (3), 215-19. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15548392

Shellhaas, C. S., Gilbert, S., Landon, M. B., Varner, M. W., Leveno, K. J., Hauth, J. C., . . . Gabbe, S. (2009, August). The frequency and complication rates of hysterectomy accompanying cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol, 114(2, Part 1), 224-229. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2009/08000/The_Frequency_and_Complication_Rates_of.6.aspx

Shipp, T. D., Zelop, C. M., Repke, J. T., Cohen, A., & Liberman, E. (2001). Interdelivery interval and risk of symptomatic uterine rupture. Obstet Gynecol, 97, 175-177. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2001/02000/Interdelivery_Interval_and_Risk_of_Symptomatic.3.aspx

Siassakos, D., Hasafa, Z., Sibanda, T., Fox, R., Donald, F., Winter, C., & Draycott, T. (2009, Jul). Retrospective cohort study of diagnosis-delivery interval with umbilical cord prolapse: the effect of team training. BJOG, 116(8), 1089-96. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19438496

Silver, R. M., Landon, M. B., Rouse, D. J., & Leveno, K. J. (2006). Maternal Morbidity Associated with Multiple Repeat Cesarean Deliveries. Obstet Gynecol, 107, 1226-32. http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/fulltext/2006/06000/maternal_morbidity_associated_with_multiple_repeat.4.aspx

Silver, R. M. (1997). Section 77 VBAC. In H. L. Frederickson, & L. Wilkins-Haug, Ob/Gyn Secrets (The Secrets Series) (p. 368). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Simkins, G. (2008, July 11). Doctors Ignore Evidence, AMA Seeks to Deny Women Choices in Childbirth. Retrieved February 2009, from Midwives Alliance of North America: http://www.www.mana.org/pdfs/MANAPresidentResponseAMA.pdf

Smith, G. C., Pell, J. P., Cameron, A. D., & Dobbie, R. (2002). Risk of perinatal death associated with labor after previous cesarean delivery in uncomplicated term pregnancies. JAMA, 287 (20), 2684-2690. Retrieved from http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=194946

Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine and the SMFM Foundation. (n.d.). Maternal-Fetal Medicine: High-Risk Pregnancy Care, Research, and Education for Over 35 Years. Retrieved August 26, 2010, from The Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine: https://www.smfm.org/attachedfiles%5CSMFMMonograph3.1pt.pdf

Solheim, K. N., Esakoff, T. F., Little, S. E., Cheng, Y. W., Sparks, T. N., & Caughey, A. B. (2011, November). The effect of cesarean delivery rates on the future incidence of placenta previa, placenta accreta, and maternal mortality. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med, 24(11), 1341-1346.Retreived from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21381881

Spong, C. Y., Landon, M. B., Gilbert, S., Rouse, D., Leveno, K., Varner, M., & Moawad, A. (2007). Risk of Uterine Rupture and Adverse Perinatal Outcome at Term After Cesarean Delivery. Obstet Gynecol, 110(4), 801 – 807. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2007/10000/Risk_of_Uterine_Rupture_and_Adverse_Perinatal.12.aspx

Srinivas, S. K., Stamilio, D. M., Stevens, E. J., Obido, A. O., Peipert, J. F., & Macones, G. A. (2007). Predicting Failure of a Vaginal Birth Attempt After Cesarean Delivery. Obstet Gynecol, 109(4), 800-805. Retrieved from http://pdfs.journals.lww.com/greenjournal/2007/04000/Predicting_Failure_of_a_Vaginal_Birth_Attempt.4.pdf

Stamilio, D. M., DeFranco, E., Pare, E., Odibo, A. O., Peipert, J. F., Allsworth, J. E., et al. (2007). Short Interpregnancy Interval: Risk of Uterine Rupture and Complications of Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Delivery. Obstet Gynecol, 110 (5), 1075-1082. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2007/11000/Short_Interpregnancy_Interval__Risk_of_Uterine.20.aspx

Stratton, B. (2006). 50 Ways to Protest a VBAC Denial. Retrieved from Midwifery Today: http://www.midwiferytoday.com/articles/50ways_vbac.asp

Stapleton, S. R., Osborne, C., & Illuzzi, J. (2013, Jan 30). Outcomes of care in birth centers: Demonstration of a durable model. J Midwifery Womens Health, 58(1), 3-14. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jmwh.12003/full

Steward, K. (2012, Sep 17). Small Bowel Obstruction in Patients with Adhesions May Be Overlooked in Emergency Rooms, Cautions Activist Karen Steward. Retrieved from PRweb.com: http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/5/prweb9484254.htm

Sullivan, P. (2008, January 17). OSHPD releases 2006 hospital volume and utilization data. Retrieved May 28, 2008, from Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development: http://www.oshpd.ca.gov/General_Info/Press_Room/pressreleases/2008/VolumePressReleaseJan17.pdf

Suzuki, S., Sawa, R., Yoneyama, Y., Asakura, H., & Araki, T. (2000). Preoperative diagnosis of dehiscence of the lower uterine segment in patients with a single previous caesarean section. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol, 40, 402-404. Retreived from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11194423

The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. (n.d.). Bleeding in Pregnancy / Placenta Previa / Placental Abruption. Retrieved from The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia: http://www.chop.edu/healthinfo/bleeding-in-pregnancy-placenta-previa-placental-abruption.html

Tita, A. T., Landon, M. B., Spong, C. Y., Lai, Y., & Leveno, K. J. (2009). Timing of elective repeat cesarean delivery at term and neonatal outcomes. N Engl J Med, 360, 111-120. Retrieved from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa0803267

Vasavada, S. P. (2013, Mar 8). Ureteral Injury During Gynecologic Surgery. Retrieved from Medscape: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/454617

Verhoeven, C., Oudenaarden, A., Hermus, M., Porath, M. M., Oei, S. G., & Mol, B. (2009). Validation of models that predict Cesarean section after induction of labor. Ultrasound in Obstet Gynecol, 34, pp. 316-321. Retrieved January 15, 2012, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/uog.7315/pdf

Wagner, M. (2008). Born in the USA: How a Broken Maternity System Must Be Fixed to Put Women and Children First. University of California Press.

Walling, A. D. (1999). Risk of Hemorrhage and Scarring in Placenta Accreta. Retrieved from American Academy of Family Physicians: http://www.aafp.org/afp/990800ap/tips/13.html

Wells, C. E. (2010, Mar). Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Section: Views From the Private Practitioner. Retrieved from Jessica, Birthaction Webmistress’s Videos on Vimeo: http://vimeo.com/10964455

Wells, C. E. (2010, Mar). Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Section: Views From the Private Practitioner. Retrieved from NIH Vaginal Birth After Cesarean (VBAC) Conference: Programs & Abstracts: http://consensus.nih.gov/2010/vbacabstracts.htm#wells

White, G. J. (2002). Emergency Childbirth: A Manual. Napsac Intl.

WikiSurgery. (n.d.). Suturing simulated skin 11 Continuous suture. Retrieved from WikiSurgery: http://www.wikisurgery.com/index.php?title=Suturing_simulated_skin_11_Continuous_suture

World Health Organization, UNFPA, UNICEF and AMDD. (2009). Monitoring emergency obstetric care: A handbook. Retrieved from World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/monitoring/9789241547734/en/

Yale Medical Group. (n.d.). Bleeding in Pregnancy/Placenta Previa/Placental Abruption. Retrieved from Yale Medical Group: http://www.yalemedicalgroup.org/stw/Page.asp?PageID=STW026800

Yee, W., Amin, H., & Wood, S. (2008). Elective cesarean delivery, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and neonatal respiratory distress. Obstet Gynecol, 111, 823-8. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18378740

Yoder, B. A., Gordon, M. C., & Barth, W. H. (2008). Late-preterm birth: does the changing obstetric paradigm alter the epidemiology of respiratory complications? Obstet Gynecol, 111, 814-22. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18378739

Zelop, C. M., Shipp, T. D., Cohen, A., Repke, J. T., & Liberman, E. (2001). Trial of labor after 40 weeks’ gestation in women with prior cesarean. Obstet Gynecol, 97, 391-393. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2001/03000/Trial_of_Labor_After_40_Weeks__Gestation_in_Women.13.aspx

Zwart, J. J., Richters, J. M., Ory, F., de Vries, J., Bloemenkamp, K., & van Roosmalen, J. (2009, July). Uterine rupture in the Netherlands: a nationwide population-based cohort study. BJOG, 116(8), pp. 1069-1080. Retrieved January 15, 2012, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2009.02136.x/full

Zweifler, J., Garza, A., Hughes, S., Stanich, M. A., Hierbolzer, A., & Lau, M. (2006). Vaginal birth after cesarean in California: Before and after a change in guidelines. Ann Fam Med, 4, 228-34. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16735524

Updated October 2, 2015.


Over 1,400 People Enrolled!


Save 15% when you attend my three-part online course on "Deconstructing VBAC Barriers!"

We won't send you spam. Unsubscribe at any time. Powered by ConvertKit
Be Sociable, Share!

1 comment to Bibliography

Leave a Reply




You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>