Finding VBAC statistics for your hospital and state
Update 3/25/16: Another excellent resource for California residents is California Quality Care.
Update 4/11/12: Since I wrote this article, the brilliant Jill Arnold from the Unnecesarean started a new website where she shares cesarean rates by hospital: CesareanRates.com. I would recommend checking this resource first before trying out the strategies I describe below.
Jeri left this comment at I’m pregnant and want a VBAC, what do I do?:
I want to plan for a VBAC I am not pregnant as of yet but will be ttc in 2 months. I am from La Crosse WI area and they have two hospitals Gunderson Lutheran and Franciscan Skemp..when I called them to get there statistics about VBACs they told me they didn’t have any. So how should I choose which hospital to go to for the better chance of succeeding with my VBAC. I also do not have any doulas in the area is it necessary to have a doula for a successful VBAC? Any thoughts or suggestions would be great. Thank you.
It’s ironic that the person you spoke with at the hospital said that they didn’t have any VBAC statistics, because when I googled “Gundersen Lutheran VBAC,” I found a page entitled “Births by Cesarean and Vaginal Births After Cesarean” on Gundersen Lutheran’s very own website where they state:
A vaginal delivery is the preferred, naturally-designed way to have a baby but when needed, delivery by Cesarean section is a second option. At Gundersen Lutheran, efforts are made to choose a vaginal birth, even after a previous C-section unless there are reasons that would put mother or baby at risk.
“Generally, successful VBAC is associated with shorter maternal hospitalizations, less blood loss and fewer transfusions, fewer infections, and fewer thromboembolic events than cesarean delivery.” [ACOG Practice Bulletin #54 2004)
1. To have a cesarean section rate below the national rate
2. To have a VBAC rate higher than the national rate
They have succeeded in their goals as Gundersen Lutheran boasted a 27.3% VBAC rate in 2006. That is exceptional considering that the national average is 9.2% (CDC 2006) and the Wisconsin state average is 12% (Wisconsin: Infant Births and Deaths 2006).
Ted Peck, M.D. is named “activity leader” on that page so I would contact him and ask for the top three VBAC doctors at Gunderson Lutheran. I would also check out the resources here for additional referrals and to see if any of the names overlap. Keep in mind that just because the hospital has a great VBAC rate doesn’t mean that all the OBs are supportive of VBAC. You will still want to ask the same questions and interview a couple different doctors, just like you would get more than one quote if you wanted work done on your house. You are the consumer, you have the power to choose who you will hire! It’s important for you to understand the risks and benefits of VBAC vs. repeat cesarean to you, your baby, as well as your future children and health, but be on the look out for scare tactics masquerading as informed consent.
I also googled “Franciscan Skemp VBAC” and was directed to ICAN’s VBAC Hospital Policy Information where Franciscan Skemp is listed as a de facto VBAC ban hospital. This means that while there is no formal ban in place, the hospital does not attend VBACs. They could give you a whole list of reasons like, “Our OBs don’t want to do them” or “Our anesthesiologists don’t want to sit in the hospital during a VBAC labor,” but Dr. Stuart Fischbein gives us another perspective:
[Hospitals] ban VBACs under the guise of patient safety. But patient safety is a euphemism for “we don’t have a good evidence-based reason to do it, other than we don’t want to get sued, it’s more expedient, and we make more money from c-sections—the hospital does, not necessarily the physician, but the hospital does—so we’re going to ban it because it’s easier for us, and we’re going to say it’s for patient safety because of the risk of rupturing the uterus.” But you know what? That risk should be something that the patient decides. Patients have a right to be given informed consent, free from misinformation or coercion, free from skewing information that benefits the practitioner or the hospital. And they have the right to consent or refuse to accept the treatment that’s offered. That right is frequently being denied.
(To read more of this interview with Dr. Fischbein, please go to: An Inside Look at Hospitals & VBAC Bans.)
If I was unable to easily find this information by googling, I would have gone to Wisconsin’s Department of Health Services and just start searching for VBAC, birth, cesarean, and hospital statistics to see what I could find. Sometimes this data is so deep within a website, it can be tricky to locate. You could also call the Department of Health Services and ask them if they maintain hospital birth statistics. The state of California maintains this data, but I don’t know if all states do and if they make that information available to the public.
In terms of a doula, yes, I think it’s very important for any woman laboring in a hospital, especially women seeking a VBAC, to have a doula. (Here is more information on what a doula is and the many benefits of having one: DONA’s Birth Doula FAQs.) Some practices are not supportive of doulas, even going so far as to post a sign in the waiting room detailing their anti-doula policy. Switch providers immediately if you read a similar sign or if you discover that your provider is not doula friendly. A great way to find out is to ask your OB or midwife if they have any doulas they can recommend. Their response will quickly tell you if this care provider and you have the same vision for your birth.
I went to findadoula.com, and found there was one doula listed for La Cross, WI:
Location: West Salem Wisconsin United States
I also cover the following geographic areas:
La Crosse, WI
Hopefully you two will be a good fit and if not, the list of resources I provide for finding a supportive OB or midwife can also be used for finding a doula. I would add DONA and toLabor (formally ALACE) which are Doula credentialing organizations as additional resources. DONA lists 64 birth doulas and toLabor lists 10 birth doulas in Wisconsin.
You can find more VBAC statistics by going to the The Birth Survey’s State Resources page which provides links to each state’s birth statistics.
For Wisconsin, we have Wisconsin: Infant Births and Deaths, 2006 where we are given the following statistics on page 30:
Delivery Method Number Percentage Vaginal (no previous C-section) 52,713 72.9% Primary C-Section 10,342 14.3% Repeat C-Section 7,418 10.3% VBAC 1,017 1.4% Forceps 812 1.1% Other 0 0.0% Total Births 72,302 100%
We can determine the VBAC rate by adding the number of Repeat C-Sections (7,418) and VBACs (1,017) together to get a total number of births after cesarean in 2006 (8,435).
By dividing the total number of VBACs (1,017) by the number of births after cesarean (8,435), and multiplying that number by 100, we get the VBAC rate of 12.06%. This means that 87.9% of women in Wisconsin have repeat cesareans.
Here’s hoping you are in that 12%!
What do you think?
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Jen Kamel is the founder of VBAC Facts, an educational, training and consulting firm. As a nationally recognized VBAC strategist and consumer advocate, she has been invited to present Grand Rounds at a hospital, served as an expert witness in a legal proceeding, and has traveled the country educating hundreds of professionals and highly motivated parents. Even more have accessed her trainings online. She speaks at national conferences and has worked as a legislative consultant in various states focusing on midwifery legislation and regulations. She has testified multiple times in front of the California Medical Board and legislative committees on the importance of VBAC access and is the Secretary for the California Association of Midwives and the California Association of Licensed Midwives. Her favorite flavor of ice cream is peanut butter chocolate. And mint chip. And coffee.