Evidence or Experience: Which Matters More?
So what matters more: Our personal experience? Or the conclusions of medical evidence?
I suspect that most of my readers would say, the evidence. Hands down.
And that is what most people believe… until they experience a bad outcome. That’s when things become more complicated.
That single event can override all their knowledge. Everything they believed to be true. Suddenly all those statistics from the research come flying off the page. They are no longer just a number. They are now associated with a face… a baby… a parent.
In that moment, it all changes.
I have witnessed this countless times listening to professionals – especially doctors and nurses – talk about VBAC. You can hear the pain in their voice as they convey the story of a VBAC gone wrong. And you can see the fear in their eyes.
The support they once felt in their heart – or the support they enjoyed from their hospital administration – slightly diminishes or vanishes entirely. Uterine rupture, the complication that occurs about 1% of the time, that we know is a risk of VBAC, actually happened and everyone does an about face.
I’ve seen providers no longer attend VBACs and hospitals “ban” them… based on one bad outcome.
But the problem with this approach is that VBAC policies should be based on the facts and what is in the best interest of the public health. Otherwise we are constantly flip flopping between banning and supporting VBAC each time an uterine rupture or accreta occurs. That’s not good care.
Most recently, a L&D nurse shared that she couldn’t support VBAC anymore after witnessing two uterine ruptures in two unmedicated VBACs over the course of six years.
VBAC Facts ally Dr. Emiliano Chavira, OB/GYN, MFM replied:
1) Your story demonstrates that this is an issue that requires balanced, responsible counseling, because the risks involved are real.
2) Your story also illustrates one of the weaknesses of “experience.”
When you have an unusual or atypical experience, it colors your view of that issue.
In your case, it may have increased your subjective perception of the magnitude of the risk of planned VBAC.
You may subsequently pass that perception onto your patients when counseling them.
This is why the data are so critical, so we can put our own personal experiences into perspective and maintain a rational, evidence-based rather than anecdotal, point of view.
This is why it’s important for professionals to meld the beautiful births along with the bad outcomes within the context provided by medical research.
This gives people who serve pregnant families a more well-rounded approach to birth… and helps them better guide parents as they navigate their options.
We also need to consider how many VBACs with good outcomes that nurse witnessed because that is the overwhelming majority of her experiences… and yet, it is the bad outcomes that stick in her mind.
That is human nature. That is a normal response. Especially if the birth or outcome was traumatic.
But we must keep in mind the bigger picture if our goal is to provide our clients with the best care and service based on the evidence.
Unfortunately, you can’t check your personal experiences against the conclusions of the medical literature if you don’t know what the research says.
And that is where the challenge lies. Many professionals do not have the time to keep on top of the evidence. So while the bad outcomes stay close to their heart, the perspective of the evidence fades into the background.
In the absence of medical evidence that provides much needed context, the emotions of that experience – fear, guilt, regret – take over as the primary reaction when they hear the word “VBAC.”
But we all know that’s not right.
Plus hospital policy and professional pressure, which may spring from political, economic, or legal concerns, may impact their ability to practice even though they know that’s not providing the best care to families.
Unfortunately, the politics of maternity care often impacts the care women receive… sometimes resulting in bad outcomes.
The truth is how we collectively talk about VBAC – as well as policies – should be swayed more by the evidence, by the outcomes among thousands of parents, by national guidelines, rather than the perception of one person based on two bad outcomes.
So how can we make that happen? The first step is to stay on top of the evidence and continually check our experiences against it. That is the only way we can ensure the conversations we have reflect the big picture while being honest and realistic about the bad outcomes that can happen.
What do you think?
Leave a comment.
What do you think? Leave a comment.
Jen Kamel is the founder of VBAC Facts, an educational, training and consulting firm. As a nationally recognized VBAC strategist and consumer advocate, she has been invited to present Grand Rounds at hospitals, served as an expert witness in a legal proceeding, and has traveled the country educating hundreds of professionals and highly motivated parents. She speaks at national conferences and has worked as a legislative consultant in various states focusing on midwifery legislation and regulations. She has testified multiple times in front of the California Medical Board and legislative committees on the importance of VBAC access and is a board member for the California Association of Midwives.